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Welcome to China – a brief overview

China is a land that’s rich and diverse, and full of wonders both natural and man-made. To appreciate your trip to China to the fullest, it’s always good to understand a little more about your destination. Here’s a general overview of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).  


Land of China:

Currently the world’s most populous country, China is home to about 1.4billion people over a land area of 9.6M km sq. China’s capital is Beijing and the largest city is Shanghai. 

Governed by the Communist Party of China, the country is divided into 23 provinces (including Taiwan), 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipals and 2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR).

China Map
Administrative regions of China (source: Wiki)


People of China:

China is home to a huge diversity of people.

There are officially 56 distinct ethnic groups in China, with the majority being Han Chinese at 91.5% of the population. While most people are familiar with Mandarin, spoken by 70% of the population, up to 292 ‘living’ languages are being spoken throughout China.

Chinese culture has been heavily influenced by Confucianism and its effects can be seen in the values and priorities the general population holds.

The Chinese government values stability, as do many of its citizens, and may sometimes be seen as having a tight rein (such as the banning of popular social media platforms in China) compared to its western counterparts.

Welcome to China U China Travel
Locals at Zhuijiajiao, a ‘water town’ in China


Geography of China:

China’s vast lands hold a wide variety of geographical landscapes. Its rivers, such as the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, were the lifelines of the modern Chinese civilisation.

From expansive deserts in the Northeast to mountain ranges of the West, the great difference in climate conditions have led to different cultural habits, sometimes to the amusement of the locals.

China Map


History of China:

The history of China is incredibly rich and extensive.

China’s history begins in prehistoric times. Ancient fossils of the earliest man, dubbed the Peking Man, near Beijing have been found. The first dynasty of China, the Xia dynasty, was established around 2100BC.

The lands of China were united under a single banner when the state of Qin conquered surrounding states to declare the start of the Qin Dynasty. It was in 221BC when the King Zhen of Qin declared himself the First Emperor of Qin. Forced standardization of Chinese characters, measurements, road widths and currency took place during this period.

Dynastic rule continued through different ages, until 1912 with the Qing dynasty. On 1 January 1912, the Republic of China was established, lasting through civil unrest and World Wars. On 21 September 1949, Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong established the People’s Republic of China, which governance continues till today.

Terracotta Army
Terracotta Army

To truly experience China, there’s no better way than to visit it in person! Read a little about the places you’ll be visiting for a better appreciation of your destination, then let our experienced local guides show you the way.

If you’re keen to explore a more authentic side of China, be sure to drop us an email at info@uchinatravel.com

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